Creating and Pushing Docker Images: A Hands-On Guide

In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of creating a Docker image, adding tags to the image, and pushing it to Docker Hub. Docker images are essential components of containerization, allowing you to package applications and their dependencies in a consistent and portable way.


Before getting started, ensure that you have Docker installed on your system. You can download and install Docker from the official website: Get Docker.

Understanding the Dockerfile

A Dockerfile is a text document that contains a set of instructions for building a Docker image. It serves as a blueprint for creating an image that includes your application and its dependencies. Let’s explore a simple Dockerfile for building an Nginx image:

# Use the official Ubuntu 20.10 image as the base
FROM ubuntu:20.10

# Update the image and install necessary packages
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y \
    net-tools \
    curl \

# Copy HTML files to the image
COPY index.html /var/www/html/

# Set the working directory
WORKDIR /etc/nginx

# Start the Nginx web server
CMD ["nginx"]

# Expose Port 80

In this example, we start with an Ubuntu 20.10 base image, update it, install packages, copy HTML files, set the working directory, and define a command for running the Nginx web server. We also expose port 80, which is used by Nginx.

Building the Docker Image

  1. Open your terminal or command prompt.
  2. Navigate to the directory containing your Dockerfile.
  3. Run the following command to build the Docker image. Replace your-image-name with your desired image name and tag:
   docker build -t your-image-name:tag .

For example:

   docker build -t mynginx:v1 .

This command will create an image based on the instructions in your Dockerfile.

Tagging the Docker Image

To prepare the image for pushing to Docker Hub or another registry, you should tag it. You can add tags to an existing image using the following command:

docker tag source-image:source-tag target-image:target-tag

For example, let’s tag the image we built earlier:

docker tag mynginx:v1 codinggears360/mynginx:v1

In this example, we’re tagging the image with a different name, codinggears360/mynginx:v1. This name follows the format docker-id/repository-name:tag.

Pushing the Docker Image to Docker Hub

Before pushing the image to Docker Hub, make sure you are logged in to your Docker Hub account using the docker login command.

Once you are logged in, you can push your image using the following command:

docker push your-image-name:tag

For instance:

docker push codinggears360/mynginx:v1

The image will be pushed to your Docker Hub account. You can access it through the Docker Hub website or by running docker pull on other machines.

Keep in mind that, by default, the image will be set as public. For additional privacy and unlimited private repositories, you can consider a paid Docker Hub subscription.


Creating, tagging, and pushing Docker images are essential skills for working with containers. With this guide, you’ve learned how to create a Docker image from a Dockerfile, tag the image, and push it to Docker Hub. This knowledge will enable you to share and distribute your containerized applications with others. Happy containerization!

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